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"Second" • Chinese-English Dictionary

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CHARACTERS : Simplified Traditional
PHONETIC : Pinyin Bopomofo EFEO Wade-Giles Yale

 xià down / downwards / below / lower / later / next (week etc) / second (of two parts) / to decline / to go down / to arrive at (a decision, conclusion etc) / measure word to show the frequency of an action
 cì next in sequence / second / the second (day, time etc) / secondary / vice- / sub- / infra- / inferior quality / substandard / order / sequence / hypo- (chemistry) / classifier for enumerated events: time
 zài again / once more / re- / second / another / then (after sth, and not until then)
 dì èr second / number two / next / secondary
 dì èr cì the second time / second / number two
 èr cì second (i.e. number two) / second time / twice / (math.) quadratic (of degree two)
 miǎo zhōng (time) second
 qí èr secondly / the other (usu. of two) / the second
 cì zhī second (in a competition) / occupying second place
 zhēng diào to conscript / to second (personnel) / to requisition (supplies etc)
 yà Asia / Asian / second / next to / inferior / sub- / Taiwan pr. [ya3]
 èr shì the Second (of numbered kings) / second generation (e.g. Chinese Americans)
 èr jí grade 2 / second class / category B
 yī shùn jiān split second
 xià bàn nián second half of the year
 zài shēng to be reborn / to regenerate / to be a second so-and-so (famous dead person) / recycling / regeneration
 Er4 yuè February / second month (of the lunar year)
 chà nà an instant (Sanskrit: ksana) / split second / the twinkling of an eye
 èr gē second brother
 lǎo èr the second child or brother (or sister) / (slang) penis
 yà jūn second place (in a sports contest) / runner-up
 fù shì to sit for the second round of a two-stage exam
 dì èr dài second generation
 rén chēng person (first person, second person etc in grammar) / called / known as
 dì èr lún second round (of match, or election)
 yǐ fāng second party (law) / see also 甲方[jia3 fang1]
 jǐn cì yú second only to... / (in second place) preceded only by...
 shà shí in a split second
 èr lái in the second place / secondly
 dì èr wèi second place
 shào wèi second lieutenant (army rank)
 pèi jué supporting role (in play, film etc) / minor role / to play a secondary role (in business etc) / to play second fiddle
 Zhuàng zú Zhuang ethnic group of Guangxi, the PRC's second most numerous ethnic group
 èr nǎi mistress / second wife / lover
 sì céng xiāng shí déjà / vu (the experience of seeing exactly the same situation a second time) / seemingly familiar / apparently already acquainted
 zhuǎn niàn to have second thoughts about sth / to think better of
 èr dù second degree
 Lǐ Shì mín Li Shimin, personal name of second Tang emperor Taizong 唐太宗[Tang2 Tai4 zong1] (599-649), reigned 626-649
 èr fēn second part / the equinox
 dì èr jì dù second quarter (of financial year)
 Mèng zǐ Mencius (c. 372-c. 289 BC), Confucian philosopher second only to Confucius / book of the same name, one of the classics of Confucianism
 èr děng second class / second-rate
 yì wú fǎn gù honor does not allow one to glance back (idiom) / duty-bound not to turn back / no surrender / to pursue justice with no second thoughts
 jiān yíng a second job / supplementary way of making a living
 yáng cháng ér qù to swagger off / to walk off (or drive off etc) without a second thought for those left behind
 chéng xìng to become second nature / by nature
 shǔ yī shǔ èr reckoned to be first or second best (idiom) / one of the very best / to list one by one
 shǒu qū yī zhǐ to count as number one (idiom) / second to none / outstanding
 Tài zōng posthumous name given to second emperor of a dynasty / King Taejong of Joseon Korea (1367-1422), reigned 1400-1418
 èr fáng second branch of an extended family / concubine
 Hàn shū History of the Former Han Dynasty, second of the 24 dynastic histories 二十四史[Er4 shi2 si4 Shi3], composed by Ban Gu 班固[Ban1 Gu4] in 82 during Eastern Han (later Han), 100 scrolls
 shà shí jiān in a split second
 xiē hòu yǔ saying in which the second part, uttered after a pause or totally left out, is the intended meaning of the allegory presented in the first part
 Shùn zhì reign name of second Qing emperor (1644-1662)
 chūn lián Spring Festival couplet (the first line of which is pasted on the right side of a doorway at New Year, and the second on the left side)
 cì zǐ second son
 zài bǎn second edition / reprint
 bǎng yǎn candidate who came second in the Han-lin examination / see 狀元|状元[zhuang4 yuan2]
 nài kàn able to withstand careful appreciation / well worth a second look
 Lǐ Sì Li Si, name for an unspecified person, second of a series of three: 張三|张三[Zhang1 San1], 李四, 王五[Wang2 Wu3] Tom, Dick and Harry
 Sòng Měi líng Soong Mei-ling (1898-2003), Chiang Kai-shek's second wife
 èr lún second round (of a match or election)
 zhòng xià midsummer / second month of summer
 Hè zī Hertz (name) / Heinrich Hertz (1857-1894), German physicist and meteorologist, pioneer of electromagnetic radiation / Herz (Hz) or cycles per second, unit of frequency
 zòng second cousin
 Cáo Pī Cao Pi (187-226), second son of Cao Cao 曹操, king then emperor of Cao Wei 曹魏 / from 220, ruled as Emperor Wen 魏文帝, also a noted calligrapher
 yǐ chǒu second year B2 of the 60 year cycle, e.g. 1985 or 2045
 gān bài xià fēng to step down gracefully (humble expression) / to concede defeat / to play second fiddle
 zhēng fēn duó miǎo lit. fight minutes, snatch seconds (idiom) / a race against time / making every second count
 èr gēng second of the five night watch periods 21:00-23:00 (old)
 luó chéng a second wall built around a city wall
 jiàn fèng chā zhēn lit. to see a gap and stick in a needle (idiom) / fig. to make use of every second and every inch
 cì yú second after / second only to
 Jiàn Wén Jianwen Emperor, reign name of second Ming Emperor Zhu Yunwen 朱允炆[Zhu1 Yun3 wen2] (1377-1402), reigned 1398-1402
 fù sī lìng second in command
 shuāng huáng a form or theatrical double act, popular since Qing times, with one player seated stage front and acting out the poem or song of the second player hidden at the back (also written 雙黄|双黄) / double reed (as used in oboe or bassoon) / an oboe or bassoon
 yáng píng evenly rising tone, the second tone of putonghua
 miǎo zhēn second hand (of a clock)
 èr fù second officer (of ship) / second mate
 Qīng Mài Chiang Mai, second city of Thailand
 zhòng qiū second month of autumn / 8th month of the lunar calendar
 píng shēng level or even tone / first and second tones in modern Mandarin
 xiào lián xiaolian, two examination subjects in Han, later a single subject in Ming and Qing / successful second degree candidate
 Zhāng Zì zhōng Zhang Zizhong (1891-1940), Chinese National Revolutionary Army general during the Second Sino-Japanese War
 fēn miǎo bì zhēng seize every minute and second (idiom) / not a minute to lose / every moment counts
 èr tāi second pregnancy
 Qī Qī Shì biàn Marco Polo Bridge Incident of 7th July 1937, regarded as the beginning of the Second Sino-Japanese War 抗日戰爭|抗日战争[Kang4 Ri4 Zhan4 zheng1]
 Jiàn wén dì reign name of second Ming emperor, reigned 1398-1402, deposed in 1402 (mysterious disappearance is ongoing conspiracy theory)
 zhōng fú last ten days of July and first ten days of August, the second of 三伏 / sān fú, three hottest periods of the year
 fù yì to second a motion
 xù xián to remarry (of a widow) / second wife / qin and se 琴瑟[qin2 se4], two string instruments as a symbol of marital harmony
 cì nu:3 second daughter
 Chū āi jí jì Book of Exodus / Second Book of Moses
 fǎn gù to glance back / fig. to regret / to have second thoughts about sth
 Xiāo Qián Xiao Qian (1910-1999), Mongolian-born, Cambridge-educated journalist active during Second World War in Europe, subsequently famous author and translator
 Yáng Kāi huì Yang Kaihui (1901-1930), Mao Zedong's second wife
 Màn dé lè Mandalay, province and second city of Myanmar (Burma)
 zài shēng fù mǔ like a second parent (idiom) / one's great benefactor
 Shùn zhì dì Fulin Emperor Shunzhi (1638-1662), second Qing emperor, reigned 1644-1662
 mí yuè full moon / first full moon after birth (i.e. entering the second month)

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