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"During" • Chinese-English Dictionary

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CHARACTERS : Simplified Traditional
PHONETIC : Pinyin Bopomofo EFEO Wade-Giles Yale

 zhī jì during / at the time of
 dāng to be / to act as / manage / withstand / when / during / ought / should / match equally / equal / same / obstruct / just at (a time or place) / on the spot / right / just at
 zhī zhōng inside / among / in the midst of (doing sth) / during
 zhōng within / among / in / middle / center / while (doing sth) / during / (dialect) OK / all right
 dāng r the very moment / just then / during (that brief interval)
 dāng nián in those days / then / in those years / during that time
 Jiāng nán south of Changjiang or Yangtze river / south of the lower reaches of Changjiang / often refers to south Jiangsu, south Anhui and north Zhejiang provinces / a province during Qing times / in literature, refers to the sunny south / Gangnam (district in Seoul, South Korea)
 bái tiān daytime / during the day / day / CL:個|个[ge4]
 Dōng jīng Tokyo, capital of Japan / Tonkin, northern Vietnam during the French colonial period
 dǎ gōng to work a temporary or casual job / (of students) to have a job outside of class time, or during vacation
 zòng héng lit. warp and weft in weaving / vertically and horizontal / length and breadth / criss-crossed / able to move unhindered / abbr. for 合縱連橫|合纵连横[He2 zong4 Lian2 heng2], School of Diplomacy during the Warring States Period (475-221 BC)
 jiào àn lesson plan / teaching plan / a "missionary case" (a dispute over Christian missionaries during the late Qing)
 yè li during the night / at night / nighttime
 Cháng ān Chang'an (ancient name of Xi'an 西安[Xi1 an1]) capital of China during Tang Dynasty 唐朝[Tang2 chao2] / now 長安區|长安区[Chang2 an1 Qu1], a district of Xi'an
 tiáo shì to debug / to adjust components during testing / debugging
 nián nèi during the current year
 nián jiān in the years of / during those years / period (of dynasty or decade)
 shí fēn time / period during the day / one of the 12 two-hour periods enumerated by the earthly branches 地支
 kàng Rì to resist Japan (esp. during WW2) / anti-Japanese (esp. wartime activities)
 zū yòng to rent and use / lend-lease (US device to provide war materiel to its allies during WW2)
 Zhōng dū Zhongdu, capital of China during the Jin Dynasty (1115-1234), modern day Beijing
 zài Huá within China / during one's visit to China
 shēng qián (of a deceased) during one's life / while living
 jù zhào photo taken during a theatrical production / a still (from a movie)
 Zhū gě Liàng Zhuge Liang (181-234), military leader and prime minister of Shu Han 蜀漢|蜀汉 / during the Three Kingdoms period / the main hero of the fictional Romance of Three Kingdoms 三國演義|三国演义, where he is portrayed as a sage and military genius / mastermind
 Yán ān Yan'an prefecture level city in Shaanxi, communist headquarters during the war
 chā qǔ music played during a movie, play etc / incidental music / music played in a theatrical interlude / (fig.) incident / episode
 Sān guó zhì History of the Three Kingdoms, fourth of the 24 dynastic histories 二十四史[Er4 shi2 si4 Shi3], composed by Chen Shou 陳壽|陈寿[Chen2 Shou4] in 289 during Jin Dynasty 晉朝|晋朝[Jin4 chao2], 65 scrolls
 Jiǔ zhōu division of China during earliest dynasties / fig. ancient China / Kyūshū, southernmost of Japan's four major islands
 fù gǔ to return to old ways (a Confucian aspiration) / to turn back the clock / neoclassical school during Tang and Song associated with classical writing 古文 / retro (fashion style based on nostalgia, esp. for 1960s)
 pái liàng discharge volume / engine capacity / engine displacement (volume of air fuel mixture drawn in during one cycle)
 zhū hóu feudal vassal / feudal princes, esp. the monarchs (dukes or princes) of the several vassal states 諸侯國|诸侯国 / of Zhou during Western Zhou and Spring and Autumn periods 11th-5th century BC / subordinate warlord / local official
 gōng fēn work point (measure of work completed in a rural commune in the PRC during the planned economy era)
 Guó Dà abbr. for 國民大會|国民大会, National Assembly of the Republic of China (extant during various periods between 1913 and 2005) / abbr. for 新加坡國立大學|新加坡国立大学, National University of Singapore (NUS) / abbr. for 印度國民大會黨|印度国民大会党, Indian National Congress (INC) / abbr. for 馬來西亞印度國民大會黨|马来西亚印度国民大会党, Malaysian Indian Congress (MIC)
 tè bié xíng zhèng qū special administrative region (SAR), of which there are two in the PRC: Hong Kong 香港 / and Macau 澳門|澳门 / refers to many different areas during late Qing, foreign occupation, warlord period and Nationalist government / refers to special zones in North Korea and Indonesia
 gǔ zhēng zither or guzheng / large zither with 13 to 25 strings, developed from guqin 古琴[gu3 qin2] during Tang and Song times
 zhī qīng educated youth (sent to work in farms during cultural revolution)
 dū dū (army) commander-in-chief (archaic) / provincial military governor and civil administrator during the early Republic of China era (1911-1949 AD)
 Dōng Wú Eastern Wu (222-280) / the southern state of Wu during the Three Kingdoms period, founded by Sun Quan 孫權|孙权
 Yuán Shào Yuan Shao (153-202), general during late Han, subsequently warlord
 tāng yuán boiled balls of glutinous rice flour, eaten during the Lantern Festival
 xià tà to stay (at a hotel etc during a trip)
 Bó Lè Bo Le (horse connoisseur during Spring and Autumn Period) / a good judge of talent / talent scout
 Jiàn yè an old name for Nanjing, called Jiankang 建康 / or Jianye during the Eastern Jin (317-420)
 liú xiào to join the faculty of one's alma mater upon graduation / to remain at school during vacation
怀 Péng Dé huái Peng Dehuai (1898-1974), top communist general, subsequently politician and politburo member, disgraced after attacking Mao's failed policies in 1959, and died after extensive persecution during the Cultural Revolution
 jūn jī military aircraft / secret plan / Privy Council during the Qing dynasty
 Hàn shū History of the Former Han Dynasty, second of the 24 dynastic histories 二十四史[Er4 shi2 si4 Shi3], composed by Ban Gu 班固[Ban1 Gu4] in 82 during Eastern Han (later Han), 100 scrolls
 Dà liáng capital of Wei 魏 / during Warring states / CL:根[gen1]
 Yè láng small barbarian kingdom in southern China during the Han dynasty
 dēng huì carnival during the Lantern Festival, with lantern displays and traditional folk performances such as stilt walking and lion dance
 Lu:3 shùn Lüshun / Lüshunkou district of Dalian city 大連市|大连市, Liaoning / called Port Arthur during Russian occupation and Russian-Japanese war of 1905
 Jiàn kāng old name for Nanjing 南京, esp. during Southern dynasties
 Hè Lóng He Long (1896-1969), important communist military leader, died from persecution during the Cultural Revolution
 Nán yuàn Nanyuan or "Southern Park", an imperial hunting domain during the Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties, now the site of Nanhaizi Park in the south of Beijing
 Sì kù Quán shū Siku Quanshu (collection of books compiled during Qing dynasty)
 Shǔ guó Sichuan / the state of Shu in Sichuan at different periods / the Shu Han dynasty (214-263) of Liu Bei 劉備|刘备 / during the Three Kingdoms
 mèng huà talking in one's sleep / words spoken during sleep / fig. speech bearing no relation to reality / delusions
 Zī zhì Tōng jiàn A Mirror for the Wise Ruler (or Comprehensive Mirror for Aid in Government), a vast chronological general history, written by 司馬光|司马光[Si1 ma3 Guang1] Sima Guang (1019-1089) and collaborators during the Northern Song in 1084, covering the period 403 BC-959 AD, 294 scrolls
 Shǔ Hàn Shu Han (c. 200-263), Liu Bei's kingdom in Sichuan during the Three Kingdoms, claiming legitimacy as successor of Han
 Yáng Yù huán Yang Yuhuan or Yang Guifei 楊貴妃|杨贵妃[Yang2 Gui4 fei1] (719-756), famous Tang beauty, consort of Emperor Xuanzhong 唐玄宗[Tang2 Xuan2 zong1], blamed for extravagance and killed as a scapegoat during the An-Shi Rebellion 安史之亂|安史之乱[An1 Shi3 zhi1 Luan4]
 dū jūn provincial military governor during the early Republic of China era (1911-1949 AD)
 Guān dōng jūn Japanese Kwantung army (or Kantō / army), notorious for numerous atrocities in China during WWII
 Zhāng Jué Zhang Jue (-184), leader of the Yellow turban rebels during the late Han
 Dài Gāo lè Charles De Gaulle (1890-1970), French general and politician, leader of the Free French during World War II and president of the Republic 1959-1969
 Hòu Hàn shū History of Eastern Han (later Han), third of the 24 dynastic histories 二十四史[Er4 shi2 si4 Shi3], composed by Fan Ye 範曄|范晔[Fan4 Ye4] in 445 during Song of the Southern Dynasties 南朝宋[Nan2 chao2 Song4], 120 scrolls
 fēi hǔ duì Flying Tigers, US airmen in China during World War Two / Hong Kong nickname for police special duties unit
 rì lǐ daytime / during the day
绿 Lu:4 yíng Green Standard Army, standing infantry during Qing dynasty, originally formed from Ming and other Chinese army units
 Chǔ cí Chu Ci, the Songs of Chu (ancient book of poems, collected during Han but esp. from country of Chu c. 500 BC)
 Míng shǐ History of the Ming Dynasty, twenty fourth of the 24 dynastic histories 二十四史[Er4 shi2 si4 Shi3], compiled under Zhang Tingyu 張廷玉|张廷玉[Zhang1 Ting2 yu4] in 1739 during the Qing Dynasty, 332 scrolls
 Zhào jūn army of Zhao 趙國|赵国 / during the Warring States
 Féng Yù xiáng Feng Yuxiang (1882-1948), warlord during Republic of China, strongly critical of Chiang Kai-shek
 Sūn Bìn Sun Bin (-316 BC), political strategist of the School of Diplomacy 縱橫家|纵横家[Zong4 heng2 jia1] during the Warring States Period (425-221 BC)
 Sū Qín Su Qin (340-284 BC), political strategist of the School of Diplomacy 縱橫家|纵横家[Zong4 heng2 jia1] during the Warring States Period (475-220 BC)
 Zhōu Zuò rén Zhou Zuoren (1885-1967), brother of Lu Xun 魯迅|鲁迅, academic in Japanese and Greek studies, briefly imprisoned after the war as Japanese collaborator, persecuted and died of unknown causes during the Cultural Revolution
 Sòng shǐ History of the Song Dynasty, twentieth of the 24 dynastic histories 二十四史[Er4 shi2 si4 Shi3], composed under Toktoghan 脫脫|脱脱[Tuo1 tuo1] in 1345 during the Yuan Dynasty 元[Yuan2], 496 scrolls / (not to be confused with 宋書|宋书[Song4 shu1])
 Lián Héng Horizontal Alliance, clique of the School of Diplomacy 縱橫家|纵横家[Zong4 heng2 jia1] during the Warring States Period (425-221 BC)
 Dīng Líng Ding Ling (1904-1986), female novelist, author of novel The Sun Shines over the Sanggan River 太陽照在桑乾河上|太阳照在桑干河上, attacked during the 1950s as anti-Party
 Hán Fēi zǐ Han Feizi, book of Legalist Philosophy authored by Han Fei 韓非|韩非[Han2 Fei1] during the Warring States Period (475-220 BC)
 Jìn shū History of the Jin Dynasty, fifth of the 24 dynastic histories 二十四史[Er4 shi2 si4 Shi3], compiled under Fang Xuanling 房玄齡|房玄龄[Fang2 Xuan2 ling2] in 648 during Tang Dynasty 唐朝[Tang2 chao2], 130 scrolls
 yàng bǎn xì model theater (operas and ballets produced during the Cultural Revolution)
 Zhāng Jū zhèng Zhang Juzheng (1525-1582), Grand Secretary during the Ming dynasty, credited with bringing the dynasty to its apogee
 xiāng shì the triennial provincial imperial exam during the Ming and Qing
 shì zú land-owning class, esp. during Wei, Jin and North-South dynasties 魏晉南北朝|魏晋南北朝
 Liè zǐ Lie Zi, Daoist author, said to be early Warring States period 戰國|战国 / Daoist text in eight chapters, said to be by Lie Zi, probably compiled during WeiJin times 魏晉|魏晋 / (3rd century AD)
 Zhāng Bǎo Zhang Bao (-184), leader of the Yellow Turban rebels during the late Han 漢朝|汉朝[Han4 chao2]
 xiàn bīng duì the Kempeitai or Japanese Military Police 1881-1945 (Japanese counterpart of the Gestapo during WWII)
 Tuō tuō Toktoghan (1314-1355), Mongol politician during the Yuan dynasty, prime minister until 1345, compiled three dynastic histories of Song 宋史, Liao 遼史|辽史 / and Jin 金史 / also written Tuoketuo 托克托
 Zhāng Zì zhōng Zhang Zizhong (1891-1940), Chinese National Revolutionary Army general during the Second Sino-Japanese War
 Kāng Shēng Kang Sheng (1896-1975), Chinese communist leader, a politburo member during the Cultural Revolution and posthumously blamed for some of its excesses
 Yuán shǐ History of the Yuan Dynasty, twenty third of the 24 dynastic histories 二十四史[Er4 shi2 si4 Shi3], compiled under Song Lian 宋濂[Song4 Lian2] in 1370 during the Ming Dynasty, 210 scrolls
 tuì pí skin cast off during molting / exuvium / to pupate / to molt / to slough / to cast off an old skin or shell
 Jiù Táng shū History of the Early Tang Dynasty, sixteenth of the 24 dynastic histories 二十四史[Er4 shi2 si4 Shi3], compiled under Liu Xu 劉昫|刘昫[Liu2 Xu4] in 945 during Later Jin 後晉|后晋[Hou4 Jin4] of the Five Dynasties, 200 scrolls
 jiào chuáng shēng to moan (in bed) / cries of pleasure during love-making
 Xīn Táng shū History of the Later Tang Dynasty, seventeenth of the 24 dynastic histories 二十四史[Er4 shi2 si4 Shi3], compiled under Ouyang Xiu 歐陽修|欧阳修[Ou1 yang2 Xiu1] and Song Qi 宋祁[Song4 Qi2] in 1060 during Northern Song 北宋[Bei3 Song4], 225 scrolls
 Wèi shū History of Wei of the Northern Dynasties, tenth of the 24 dynastic histories 二十四史[Er4 shi2 si4 Shi3], compiled by Wei Shou 魏收[Wei4 Shou1] in 554 during Northern Qi Dynasty 北齊|北齐[Bei3 Qi2], 114 scrolls
 gé zhì to study the underlying principle to acquire knowledge / abbr. for 格物致知[ge2 wu4 zhi4 zhi1] / word for Western natural sciences during late Qing
 gé wù to study the underlying principles, esp. in neo-Confucian rational learning 理學|理学[li3 xue2] / word for Western natural sciences during late Qing
 qiū lǎo hǔ hot spell during autumn / Indian summer

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